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孙俪上演“野蛮”求生记 《那年花开》释放魔性演技

2019-05-22 19:18 来源:时讯网

  孙俪上演“野蛮”求生记 《那年花开》释放魔性演技

  193inBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiclusterfoundinviolationofregulationsOnehundredandninety-threecompaniesinnortherutchecksat1,saimedatpreventingairpollution,rectifyproblemsthathadbeenidentifiedinthecentralgovernments,mea,theMinistryofEnvironmentalProtection-nowpartoftheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment-mobilized5,600environmentalofficersnationwideforayearlonginspectiontargeecitiesa,officersalsofoundthat86constructionsites,factoriesandmineshadfailedtocovertheirmaterialsasrequired,,acilities,,whichwilllastuntilApril,willalsocovertheFenheandWeih,majorcitiesinChinah,the338majorcitiesinthecountrysawabout83percentofdayswithfairlygoodairquality,,,theBeijing-Tia,(left)andaphotoofFuGuiat10postedbyhimselfonthesamesite.[]Iassumedtheavatarofatechnologyreporterthreeyearsago,whenGoogles"Dontbeevil",technologygiantsproductsandservicesareomnipresent,,like,say,Facebooksrecentdatabreachscandal,,asIdeepenedmyunderstandingofthetechindustry,Idiscernedthatforward-lookingcompaniesdon,theybelieveabetteroptionistomakeuseofcutting-edgetechnologieslikefacialr,itcouldbringabou,that:,orBabyComeHome,,whattooktheirreunionsolongwasthattheinformationtheypostedonlinewashugelydifferent,spostsaidhewasborninApril1986andwent"missing",,thefathersaidFuwasborninNovember1984andwentmissingin1990fromavillageinChongqing,about1,,againstallodds,A,thesystemcrunchedallthatdsjustoneexampleofhowfacialrecognitionisbeingusedacrossChispublicsecuritybureaus,moreandmorefamiliesthathadlostallhopeoffindingtheirlostlovedones,,000,usingfacialrecognitionandothertechnologies,officialshavehelpedabout95percentofsuchpeopletofindtheirlostorseparatedfamilymembersorreachtheirhometowns,,sperhapsneedlesstosaythen:ifproperlyusedandprivacyiswellprotected,newtechnologiescanmakeapositivedifferencetopeople,,some1,370seniorpeoplegomissingeverydayonaverage,accordingtoa2016rep,fromtechnologycompaniesstandpoint,,whichincludesthepublicsecuritybureaus,isnowoneprofits

Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,AskedabouttheirChinainvestmentplans,foreignexecutivestypicalresponsecanbesummarizedasWeareinChina,operationsinChina,,,,businessforaandexpertshadbeenexpressingconcernsthatChinamaybeslowlylosingitsattractionasanFDI,orforeigndirectinvestment,,isthatabadthingTorephrasethequestionabit:isntthatagoodthingFDIconcernsweretriggeredbyslowerglobamgladmanyMNCshavemovedtheirchemicalplants,papermills,stimeChinapursuesasustainabledevelopmentmodel(like,say,GermanyandFrancehavebeendoingfordecades).Apparently,suchamassivetransformationwon,Chinaschangingeconomicpriori,in1998,whenChinaacceleratedreformofState-ownedenterprises,,crucially,asSOEsweremergedorshutteredduetobankruptcy,,Chinasboomingservicessectorisfullycapableofminimizingtheunemploymentrateasthec,,ithastakenadifferentpath,onethatcouldputt,,FDInowismovingawayfromtheprosperouscoastalandea,theChinesegovernmentnowunderstandsthatglobalrsthatthinklong-termanddonotsidestepchallengeslikerisinglaborcostthatlieahead.

  ChengandhisteamperformduringtheweeklongStraitsForuminXiamen,receivedfromteachersinthestudentaffairsoffice."Ishoutedatthem:WhydoyoutreatmelikethisIalsogetbulliedbyothers,"edhimtightly,askinghim:"tyoufeelourloveandtolerance""Herwordswereaturningpointinmylife,whichmademedeterminedtochangemyself,"hesaid."Later,,IfeltasifIhadtwolegsthatcouldmovefreelyandfast."Chengstartedlearningwheelchairdanceandwheelchairsports,includingbasketballandbadminton."AtfirstIwasunwillingtopracticedancingbecauseIthoughtitagirlishthing,"hesaid.""Throughdancing,Chengfoundhisconfidenceandself-esteem."Onceanoldwomanintheaudiencetoldmethatmyperformancecouldtouchalotpeople,"hesaid."Igraduallyrealizedthatwheelchairdanceisnotjustaperformance,butawaytoinspireothers."Chenglaterimprovedonthetraditionalformofwheelchairdancing,whichwaspassive,andaddedmoredancingstyles,suchaship-hop,andgesturestohisperformance.LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"

  VisitorscheckoutaBytonelectricconceptvehicleattheBeijingInternationalAutomotiveExhibitioninBeijingonApril26.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]InvestmenttobefunnelledintoBytonsflexiblevehiclemanufacturingplatformThankstoarecent$500millionBroundoffundraising,automobilestartupBytonwillaccelerateitsproduction,andresearchanddevelopmentofChina,CEOandco-founderofByton,saidthecompanywas"veryhappy"toattractsuchnamesinthefundraising,andthatFAWGroupcontributedmorethanhalfofthetotalamount."Themajlizeourproduct,"sflexiblemanufacturingplatformwillbecapableofproducingatleastthreeproducts,includingitsfirstSUV,asedanandamulti-purposevehicle,sfirstthreemassproducedcarsrolledofftheassemblylineonMondayatitsNanjing,Jiangsuprovince,manufacturingbase,,afullyelectricSUV,willfeaturea49-inch(124centimeters)curvedscreendashboard,gestureandvoicecontrol,,whichismainlyusedonhighways,andwilllaterbeupgradedtolevel-four,knownasminds-offautomation,amongChinesecustomers,accordingtoAndyZhou,aShanghai-basedpartnerofDeloitteConsulting."Chineseconsumersarepinningtheirhighesthopesonnewautonomousdrivingvehiclecompanies,withtheirtrustbasedontheirtechnologiestfortraditionalcarmakers,",LiShufu,chairmanofZhejiangGeelyHoldingGroupCoLtd,saidlastweekattheGlobalAutomotiveForuminChongqingthatanewlyestablishedautomobilecompanymightneedhundredsofbillionofyuaninconst,,000unitsforthefirstfivemonthsoftheyear,,,theassociation,Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"

  VisitorscheckoutaBytonelectricconceptvehicleattheBeijingInternationalAutomotiveExhibitioninBeijingonApril26.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]InvestmenttobefunnelledintoBytonsflexiblevehiclemanufacturingplatformThankstoarecent$500millionBroundoffundraising,automobilestartupBytonwillaccelerateitsproduction,andresearchanddevelopmentofChina,CEOandco-founderofByton,saidthecompanywas"veryhappy"toattractsuchnamesinthefundraising,andthatFAWGroupcontributedmorethanhalfofthetotalamount."Themajlizeourproduct,"sflexiblemanufacturingplatformwillbecapableofproducingatleastthreeproducts,includingitsfirstSUV,asedanandamulti-purposevehicle,sfirstthreemassproducedcarsrolledofftheassemblylineonMondayatitsNanjing,Jiangsuprovince,manufacturingbase,,afullyelectricSUV,willfeaturea49-inch(124centimeters)curvedscreendashboard,gestureandvoicecontrol,,whichismainlyusedonhighways,andwilllaterbeupgradedtolevel-four,knownasminds-offautomation,amongChinesecustomers,accordingtoAndyZhou,aShanghai-basedpartnerofDeloitteConsulting."Chineseconsumersarepinningtheirhighesthopesonnewautonomousdrivingvehiclecompanies,withtheirtrustbasedontheirtechnologiestfortraditionalcarmakers,",LiShufu,chairmanofZhejiangGeelyHoldingGroupCoLtd,saidlastweekattheGlobalAutomotiveForuminChongqingthatanewlyestablishedautomobilecompanymightneedhundredsofbillionofyuaninconst,,000unitsforthefirstfivemonthsoftheyear,,,theassociation,

  LiHongpeng(left),NDSDpresident,andMaoJingbo,presidentofLincolnChinaandAsiaPacific.[PhotoprovidedChinaDaily]BeforejoiningFord,LiservedasaseniorexecutiveofMercedes-BenzsbusinessinChinaandhelpedtheGermanbran,currentlyaseniorexecutiveofChanganFordssalescompany,hasmorethan20yearsofexperienceinsalesandcustomerrelations."ThisappointmentandtheestablishmentofthedivisionfurtherdemonstratesourstrongcommitmenttoChina,andtoourpartnership,byofferingtestedtalenttoleadasimplified,improvedandconsistentapproachtoourFordbrandandcustomersinthiscriticalmarket,",,Fordsold207,139cars,hitthemarketlaterthisyear.","saidNigelHarris,presidentofChanganFord,"Withinthreeyears,75percentofFordmodelsintheshowroomswillbenew."FordsluxuryarmLincolnwillkeepin,Lincolnhasbeenlocalizingitsmanagementteam,withMaoJingbonamedonThursdaypresidentofthebrandsbusinessinChinaandAsiaPacificregion,,MaoworkedasaseniorexecutiveofMercedes-BenzsoperationsinChina,responsibleforitsAMG,smart,,710carsfromJanuarytoMarch,enjoying10percentgrowthyear-on-year.VisitorstakephotographsofaTeslaelectriccaratarecentautomobileexhibitionheldinBeijing.[PhotobyLongWei/ForChinaDaily]SANFRANCISCO-TeslaChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)ElonMusksaidTuesdaythathiscompanyisgoi,Musksaidthatthecompanyisconductingacomprehensive,across-the-boardorganizationalrestructuring."Teslahasgrownandevolvedrapidlyoverthepastseveralyears,whichhasresultedinsomeduplicationofrolesandsomejobfunctionsthat,whiletheymadesenseinthepast,aredifficulttojustifytoday,"hesaid."Aspartofthiseffortandtheneedtocutcostsandbecomeprofitable,wehavemadethedifficultdecisiontoletgoofapproximately9%ofourcolleaguesacrossthecompany,"cttheproductionworkersassemblingthecompanysvehicles."ThiswillnotaffectourabilitytoreachModel3productiontargetsinthecomingmonths,"helpitcommunicatebetter,t,andwouldfocusinsteadonsellingitssolarproductsthroughitsownstoresandwebsite,hesaid."ThemajorityofTeslaemployeesworkingatHomeDepotwillbeofferedtheopportunitytomoveovertoTeslaretaillocations,",500employeesattheendof2017,

  LuohudistrictinShenzhen,whichusedtobeapoorvillage,isnowaflourishingresidentialareawithmodernapartmentbuildings.[PhotobyLuoHaiming/ForChinaDaily]Chinasdeterminationtofurtherreformandopenupitseconomywillbringimportantopportuni,theworldeconomyhascontinuedtoshowgoodmomentum,andspecif,andtheglobaleconomyhnuestotighten,,itisimperativefortheworldeconomytostimulatenewimpetusfromboththedemandandsupplyside,andtoachievesmootheransopen-uppolicywillhav,thecountrycouldprovideeffectivedemandfortheexportof,thescaleofChinasimportsofgoodsandserviceswillreach$,asChinamovestowardahigh-incomecountry,andseesresidentconsumptiontransformationandupgrading,theimportstructurewillincreasinglyfocusonadvancedandapplicabletechnologies,cleanenergy,high-qualityconsumergoodsandmodernservices,whichwillgreatlybenefitdevelopedeconomies,the"goingglobal"t,globalforeigndirectinvestmentdroppedby16percent,,foreigninvestmentsbyChinesecompaniesareexpectedtoreach$750billion,whichwillprovidemoreinvestmentpowerforthehostcountry,Chinawillcooperat,Chinasopening-upandinnoonomiesandmultinationalcorporations,effectivelystrengtheningtheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrights,furtherimprovingthebusinessenvironment,hasbigdata,cloudcomputing,ionsandindustrialchangestoachievebreakthroughs,,Chinasopening-upisanimp,,artificiallyblockingtradeandinvestmentdoesnotmeetthecommoninterestsofallcountriesinthewornmeasures,whichaggravatedtherisksofeconomicandtradeconflicts,increasedtheinternationalcommunitysdoubtsabouttheprospectsforfreetrade,sleadershiphasannouncedaseriesofmeasurestoexpandopening-upandhasmovedaheadtolowertheimporttariffsonvehiclesandautoparts,anti-cancerdrugs,anddailyconsumptiongoods,andtoeliminatespecificmeasuressuchasrestrictionsontheproportisinitiativesinopeningupthemarkethavegreatlyreducedoreveneliminatedthedoubtsoftheinternationalcommunityregardingtheprospectsofeconomicglobalization,,promotingtheestablishmentofpsannouncementitwilldevelopHainanislandintoapilotfreetradezone,andtograduallyexplo,whichwillprovideChinassoluti,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission.

  TopcourtwantsproceduretoallotmoneysetforrestorationTheSupremePeoplesCourthascalledonthenationalenvironmentalandjudicialauthoritiestojointlysetupafundtomanage,useandsupervisemoneyconfiscatedbycourtsforenvironmentalrestoration."Thefundshouldclarifywhoisqualifiedtousethecompensation,howtouseitandwhoshouldsuperviseitsusetoensurethatthemoneydoesgotorepairingthepollutedenvironment,"WeiWenchao,deputychiefjudgeoftheenvironmentandecologydivisionoftheSupremePeoplesCourt,dcasesistorestoretheenvironmentassoonaspossible."Wehaveoftenpunishedbusinessesandcalculatedamountsofmoneytheyhavetopayincompensation,"hesaid."Butwearenotclearonwhoshouldmanageandusethemoneytoperformtherestorationafterwehanddownaverdict,astherehavebeennoguidelinesonthatsofar."Toensuretheenvironmentcanbequicklyrepaired,weshouldmakeclearhowthemoneyisspent,sosettingupthefundisanecessity,"logyandEnvironment,theSupremePeople,Chinahasmadeincreasingeffortsagainstpollutionandadoptedvariousmea,therevisedChineseEnvironmentalProtectionLawtookeffect,,apilotprogramallowingprosecutorstofi,prosecutorsalsogainedtheauthoritytoplayasupervisionalroleintheprotectionofpublicinterestbyundertakingsuchl,thepilotprogramwasexpandednationwideandofficiallywritsCourt,in2017,courtsthroughoutChinaheard21,241environmentalcriminalcases,207,552environmentalcivildisputesand134,791administrativelawsuits,with17,965peoplepunished-comparedwith20,394environmentalcriminalcase,90,769environmentalcivildisputesand35,,48public-interestlawsuitswerebroughtbyNGOs,andfromJuly1toDec31lastyear,257suchlitigationswerebroughtbyprosecutingauthorities.AglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopenonJune16aftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/VCG]WorldslongestglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopentothepublicaftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,onJune16,"skywalk".Itis360metershigh,andextends30metersoutofthecliffthatisnearlyninemeterslongerthantheglassbridgeintheColoradoGrandCanyonintheUnitedStates,whichisclaimedtobethe"EighthWonderoftheWorld".

  [Photo/VCG]ChinesesmartphonevendorVivoistestingthelimitsoftechnologywithitslatestmodelNex,whichfeaturesabezel-lessdesign,,releasedinShanghaionTuesdaynight,isVivoslatesteffortto,,theVivoNexdoesnothaveanotchontopofitsdisplay,afeaturefirstu,,seniorvicepresidentofVivo,saidthecompanyisrampingupitsresearchanddevelopmentcapabilities,withastringofartificialintelligencelabsandRDcentersbuiltinChinaandoverseas."Nexistheresultofourconsistenteffortstomakesmartphonesthatcanreallystandoutinthefiercemarket,",988yuan($780)inChina,Nexisequippedwithanextendiblefrontcamera,retractsautomaticall,Vivosaidthecamera,whichcomeswithan8-megapixelsensor,canberaisedandloweredmorethan50,,,thepremiumversionofNexistheQualcommSnapdragon845processor,,researchdirectoratmarketresearchcompanyCounterpoint,saidVivoisputtingresourcesintotechnologiesthatconsumerscaneasilyrelatetoandappreciate."Thepublicdonotnecessarilyunderstandhow3Dcamerascanempowertheirphones,sattitudetowardinnovationisverydown-to-earth,",,,,datafromCounterpointshow.

  AnemployeeattachespaperworktothewindshieldofavehicleinthegeneralassemblyshopattheSAIC-GM-WulingAutomobileCoBaojunplant,ajointventurebetweenSAICMotorCorp,GeneralMotorsCoandLiuzhouWulingAutomobileIndustryCo,inLiuzhou,Guangxiprovince,May23,2018.[Photo/VCG]CHICAGO-WorldsleadingautomakerGeneralMotorsCo.(GM)willintroduce20newelectrifiedvehiclesintoChinesemarketby2023,sontopofthe10electrifiedvehiclesGManditsChinesejointventureshavealreadyplannedfor2016through2020,asdentroduce10newenergymodels,after2020,GMwillaccelerateitseffortstohelpfurtherelectrifytheworldspartofGMspushtomeetincreasinglystricterlow-emissionvehicleproductionquotastakingeffectinChinanextyear."Chinaplaysanessentialroleintheworldsdrivetowardsazero-emissionsfuture,"selectricline-upinChinaalreadyincludetheCadillacCT6plug-in,theBuickVelite5hybridextended-rangeelectricvehicle,sBuickbranddebutedtheVelite6plug-iniclewillcome"atalaterdate,"theautomakersaid.

  Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]ThesouthernmetropolisofShenzhenhasjoinedothercitiesinafiercecompetitiontoattracttalentbysimplifyingtheprocedureforuniversitygraduatestoobtainlocalhouseholdregistration,,graduateswillbeabletosubmitapplicationsonlinebyuploadingtheireducationcertificatesandpersonalinformationinsteadofgoingtohumanresourceofficesinperson,authenticityandapplicantsqualifications,,itygraduatesanddealwiththeirhukoumatters,enhancingworkefficiencyandincreasingShenzhensattractivenessfortalent,,slatestefforttoattrac,thecitysho,,morethanhalfofwhichwillbedesignatedfortalentedworkers,edforthehousingstartingthisyear,,theaveragepriceforanewhomeinMaywas54,111yuan($8,445)persquaremeter,downj,aresearcherattheGuangdongAcademyofSocialSciences,saidtheintroductionofthenewhukoupolicyisaneffectivewayforShenzhentoretainandattracttalent,giventhehighcostoflivinginthecity."Formanyfreshgraduates,theprimaryissueisthehukoubecausethedocumentiscloselyrelatedtotherightsandsocialservicestheycanenjoy-forexample,buyinghomesorgettingmedicaltreatment,",asenioratShenzhenUniversity,saidalthoughhukouisanimportantfactortoconsider,themainconcernw,includingBeijing,Shanghai,ChengduandXian,havealsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestowoograduates.

  

  孙俪上演“野蛮”求生记 《那年花开》释放魔性演技

 
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社保缴费占用工成本近四成 五险一金或下调

ZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridge.[Photo/ChinaNewsService](ECNS)-ZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridge,designedbyChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissanceDesignInstitute(BRDI),haswontheArthurGHaydenMedalinthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld,withsevenawardsinhonorofdistinguishedengineerswhohavengineeringdemonstratinginnovationinspecialusebridgessuchaspedestrian,people-mover,ornon-traditionalstructures,sHunanprovince,,,alsoresponsibleforthebridgesmaintenance,successfullysolvedthetechnicalchallengesincablesystemdesign,glassbridgesurfacestress,windresistance,human-inducedvibration,,BRDIschiefdesignerforthebridge,saidthebridgeusheredintheeraofcustomized,multifunctionalsuspensionstructuresinChina,XuGongyi,deputychiefengineerofBRDI,,erforover50bigbridgesinChina,winninganumberofdomesticandinternationalawards.

“人力成本已经取代融资成本成为企业最大的压力来源。”不久前清华大学民生经济研究院发布《2015年中国企业家发展信心指数》报告指出,近八成企业家认为“五险一金”的支出负担过重且税负过高。而2015年12月举行的中央经济工作会议则提出了降低社会保险费以减轻企业负担的思路。

有专家认为,一些企业难以承受目前的养老保险缴费率,这会降低其参保积极性,进而有可能导致扩面或者续保缴费的困难,相比其他险种,养老保险应该成为未来着力的重点。对此,人社部新闻发言人李忠此前曾表示,人社部正在有计划、有步骤地采取多种措施,适时、适当地降低社会保险费率。

承压 社保缴费成企业支出大头

中国社保体系主要由“五险一金”组成。2015年已经相继下调了失业、工伤和生育保险的费率,但现行的五项社会保险缴费合计达到企业工资总额的39.25%。其中,养老保险总费率28%(单位缴费20%、个人缴费8%)、医疗保险8%(单位缴费6%、个人缴费2%)、失业保险费率2%(单位、个人比例各省自定),工伤保险和生育保险由单位缴费个人不缴,工伤保险平均费率为0.75%左右,生育保险的平均费率为不超过0.5%。

有专家认为,普遍来说,企业用工成本和员工到手工资之间都存在很大差异。考虑到五险一金的因素,如果企业预计用工成本为一万元,员工到手工资实际是五、六千元;如果员工想要实际到手一万元工资的话,那企业就要付出近一万五千元的成本。

面对如此高的社保缴费比率,不少企业家直呼“不敢为员工涨工资”。浙江省某中型民营企业负责人对《经济参考报》记者表示,五项社会基本保险费用目前占到了企业用工成本的25%左右。“这样的水平建立在当地政府考虑到企业压力、按全额基数60%缴费的基础上。如果按照全额基数缴费,这个比例可能达到约35%。”这位负责人表示,“目前企业最大的压力就在五险一金,用工成本逐年提升。在产能过剩的背景下,传统企业为了生存普遍存在恶性竞争,产品低价竞争但同时各种费用又不断上升,压力很大。”

一方面是企业“叫苦”,另一方面有职工感觉不到缴费的直观好处,从而影响缴费积极性。以上海为例,根据上海市人社局最新的《上海市职工社会保险缴费标准》,企业的社保缴纳基数为3271至16353元,企业缴费比例合计为35%,个人的缴费比例合计为10.5%。据此,按照最低缴纳基数计算,企业需为职工缴纳1144.85元(3271×35%=1144.85),职工个人应承担343.455元(3271×10.5%=343.455);如缴纳住房公积金的,按照7%的比例计算,则企业和个人需额外各缴付228.97元(3271×7%=228.97)。以此计算,最低限度下,职工到手工资仅剩2699元,企业所需负担的“五险一金”便达到1374元。一年按12个月计算,该成本达16488元。

施策 养老保险或成降费“主战场”

对于企业负担过重的问题,中央经济工作会议提出,要降低社会保险费,研究精简归并“五险一金”,这也是这一方案首次在中央工作层面正式提出。有观点认为,养老保险和医疗保险应该成为今年费率下调的重点。

中国人民大学公共管理学院社会保障研究所所长李珍认为,除了养老保险,其他险种已经降无可降,而养老保险降低费率必须与其他改革同步:“职工养老保险制度建立过程中的转制不应该由当下在职的一代人来负担,而应该由政府来负担。政府应该通过立法明确这部分责任。不然我们不能解释为什么中国的养老保险费率如此高,保障水平如此低,还会收支不平衡。”

同时,李珍认为,降费率与扩费基应同步进行,扩大费基包括提高最低缴费工资基数、延长缴费年限和逐步提高退休年龄。据李珍测算,养老保险若实现“统账分离”,可以降低8%的费率。另外,如果使在职人员按社会平均工资的100%缴费,只要承担15%的费率就可以使退休人员的养老金水平达到社会平均工资的45%,且制度是长期可持续的。

国家税务总局原副局长、联办财经研究院院长许善达则提出,国家应拿出15万亿国有资本用于降低社保缴费率,“按照现有社保基金收益率8%以上,15万亿的8%就是1.2万亿,现在社保每年支出2.1万亿,大体上可降低57%的社保缴费率。”

实现降低社保缴费率,不仅国家需要加大资源投入,还应改革社保体制,从分省统筹上升到全国统筹。这样可以实现城镇职工基本养老保险制度全国的整体规划,消除地区之间因为负担比的差异而导致缴费压力轻重不一,也可以通过地区之间调节资金余缺,起到化解地区负担比差异,实现互助共济的功能。

许善达认为,当前实行分省统筹的问题是,不同省份之间存在结余与收不抵支的差异,从而导致央企收益无法向各地分配。全国统筹后,中央承担了社保的职责,意味着此前85%的地方支出将由中央负担,正好能够改善“营改增”加剧的地方收支失衡。“所以应该将减税政策同降低社会保险费等几个关联事务配套设计。”

配套 公积金缴存比例可进一步下调

此外,“五险一金”中保障居住功能性资金即公积金的缴纳比例调整,也可有效降低用工成本。

中国社会科学院经济研究所研究员汪丽娜在接受《经济参考报》记者采访时表示,可将单位和职工公积金缴存最低比例从5%降低至4%,甚至降至3%,可有效降低企业的用工成本,扶持小微企业的发展。

事实上,同有公积金缴纳制度的新加坡,也惯用调整公积金缴费控制人力成本。如1998年受亚洲金融危机影响,新加坡第三季度和第四季度经济持续负增长,政府于1999年将雇主缴纳公积金费率从上年的20%下调至10%,对刺激经济起到积极作用,1999年新加坡经济GDP增长率回升到7.2%。

汪丽娜指出,公积金创立初衷是为解决城镇职工住房问题设立的长期储蓄资金,并享有减税优惠。但在经济转型和新型城市化的背景下,大量民营企业、外来务工人员的涌现使得强制性住房储蓄越来越难以推广普及。目前全国有约1.1亿人参加了公积金缴存,按官方统计,占城镇在岗职工80%左右,但按城镇3亿多就业人口计算仅占30%左右。

“因此降低缴纳比例,扩大参缴覆盖率,可体现公积金的‘普惠性’。”汪丽娜表示,目前,国有企业事业单位的覆盖面在90%以上,而民营企业的参缴率不足20%。覆盖面窄、“普惠性”差使得公积金很难担当住房保障的重任,且会在制度内与制度外的人之间形成新的收入分配不公。过度的强制性储蓄不仅会增加企业的用工成本,也会成为启动消费扩大内需的障碍。

责编:刘思

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